Future emerging quantum technologies
Quantum technologies have the potential to solve computational problems that are unsolvable with the classical computers (including supercomputers) of today, such as the synthesis of new drugs to treat incurable diseases, and many other open complex challenges in many other fields of Science and Technology.
The current developments of hardware quantum technologies are primarily limited to integrated qubits fabricated in research laboratories and operating at extreme cryogenic temperatures in the order of tens or hundreds milli-Kelvin, with control and readout circuits external to the chip with the qubits, i.e. the quantum chip.
The extreme cryogenic temperatures and the inherent limitations to the integration due to the multi-chip approach, introduce dramatic barriers to the scalability of hardware technologies necessary to secure the integration, control and readout of hundreds, thousands and even million qubits required for the developments of future emerging quantum computing technologies.